food policy

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An aspect of public policy focusing on efforts to achieve equitable distribution of food and a healthy balanced diet, especially for children. Nations have established food policies formally or informally in several ways. One way was the British food rationing program during World War II, which established an equitable food distribution system to ensure adequate intake of protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamins, and minerals for all children, as well as for the general population. One result of this was a conspicuous improvement in indicators of healthy child development. In peacetime, many nations have made recommendations about desirable food intake, and from time to time international agencies such as the World Health Organization issue statements, for instance on recommended dietary allowances (RDA), and advisory notices about dietary habits that contribute to the risk of obesity, diabetes, and coronary heart disease.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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