Overview

Food additives permitted in the EU


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Other additives

Acid, acidity regulators, anti‐caking agents, antifoaming agents, bulking agents, carriers and carrier solvents, emulsifying salts, firming agents, flavour enhancers, flour treatment agents, foaming agents, glazing agents, humectants, modified starches, packaging gases, propellants, raising agents, and sequestrants.

Colours

Yellow and orange colours

E100

Curcumin

E101

(i) Riboflavin, (ii) Riboflavin‐5′‐phosphate (vitamin B2)

E102

Tartrazine (=FD&C Yellow no 6)

E104

Quinoline yellow

E110

Sunset Yellow FCF; Orange Yellow S (=FD&C Yellow no 6)

Red colours

E120

Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines

E122

Azorubine; Carmoisine

E123

Amaranth

E124

Ponceau 4R; Cochineal Red A

E127

Erythrosine (=FD&C Red no 3)

E129

Allura Red AC (=FD&C Red no 40)

Blue colours

E131

Patent Blue V

E132

lndigotine; Indigo Carmine (=FD&C Blue no 2)

E133

Brilliant Blue FCF (=FD&C Blue no 1)

Green colours

E140

Chlorophylls and chlorophyllins (the natural green colour of leaves)

E141

Copper complexes of chlorophyll and chlorophyllins

E142

Green S

Brown and black colours

E150a

Plain caramel

E150b

Caustic sulphite caramel

E150c

Ammonia caramel

E150d

Sulphite ammonia caramel

E151

Brilliant Black BN; Black PN

E153

Vegetable carbon

E154

Brown FK

E155

Brown HT

Derivatives of carotene

E160a

Carotenes

E160b

Annatto; Bixin; Norbixin

E160c

Paprika extract; Capsanthian; Capsorubin

E160d

Lycopene

E160e

Beta‐apo‐8′‐carotenal (C30)

E160f

Ethyl ester of beta‐apo‐8′‐carotenoic acid (C30)

Other plant colours

E161b

Lutein

E161g

Canthaxanthin

E162

Beetroot Red; Betanin

E163

Anthocyanins

Inorganic compounds used as colours

E170

Calcium carbonate

E171

Titanium dioxide

E172

Iron oxides and hydroxides

E173

Aluminium

E174

Silver

E175

Gold

E180

Litholrubine BK

Preservatives

Sorbic acid and its salts

E200

Sorbic acid

E202

Potassium sorbate

E203

Calcium sorbate

Benzoic acid and its salts

E210

Benzoic acid

E211

Sodium benzoate

E212

Potassium benzoate

E213

Calcium benzoate

E214

Ethyl p‐hydroxybenzoate

E215

Sodium ethyl p‐hydroxybenzoate

E218

Methyl p‐hydroxybenzoate

E219

Sodium methyl p‐hydroxybenzoate

Sulphur dioxide and its salts

E220

Sulphur dioxide

E221

Sodium sulphite

E222

Sodium hydrogen sulphite

E223

Sodium metabisulphite

E224

Potassium metabisulphite

E226

Calcium sulphite

E227

Calcium hydrogen sulphite

E228

Potassium hydrogen sulphite

Biphenyl and its derivatives

E230

Biphenyl; diphenyl (for surface treatment of citrus fruits)

E231

Orthophenyl phenol (for surface treatment of citrus fruits)

E232

Sodium orthophenyl phenol (sodium biphenyl‐2‐yl oxide)

Other preservatives

E234

Nisin

E235

Natamycin (NATA, for surface treatment of cheeses and dried cured sausages)

E239

Hexamethylene tetramine (hexamine)

E242

Dimethyl dicarbonate

E1105

Lysozyme (an antibacterial enzyme found in tears)

Pickling salts

E249

Potassium nitrite

E250

Sodium nitrite

E251

Sodium nitrate

E252

Potassium nitrate (saltpetre)

Acids and their salts

E280

Propionic acid

E281

Sodium propionate

E282

Calcium propionate

E283

Potassium propionate

E284

Boric acid

E285

Sodium tetraborate; borax

Antioxidants

Vitamin C

E300

Ascorbic acid

E301

Sodium ascorbate

E302

Calcium ascorbate

E304

Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid (a lipid‐soluble derivative of the vitamin)

Vitamin E

E306

Tocopherols (natural source, mixed isomers)

E307

Alpha‐tocopherol

E308

Gamma‐tocopherol

E309

Delta‐tocopherol

Other antioxidants

E310

Propyl gallate

E311

Octyl gallate

E312

Dodecyl gallate

E315

Erythorbic acid (the d‐isomer of vitamin C, little vitamin activity)

E316

Sodium erythorbate

E319

Tertiary butyl hydroquinone (TBHQ)

E320

Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)

E321

Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)

E586

4‐Hexylresorcinol

[...]

Subjects: Medicine and Health.


Reference entries

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