New York-born author, married a civil engineer (1876), and spent her later life in Colorado, Idaho, and California. Her novels of Western life include The Led-Horse Claim (1883), The Chosen Valley (1892), and Cœur d'Alene (1894). Among her later works of fiction are Edith Bonham (1917) and Ground-Swell (1919). Her reminiscences were edited by Rodman Paul as A Victorian Gentlewoman in the Far West (1972). Angle of Repose (1971) by Wallace Stegner is partly based on her life.