(1707–59) British army officer, born in Fifeshire, England. During the French and Indian War (1754–63) he led the expedition to Fort Duquesne (1758) by constructing a road across the Pennsylvania mountains. His planned assault proved unnecessary because the French, who had been deserted by the Indians, abandoned and destroyed the site before his arrival.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.