four Causes

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Aristotle (384—322 bc)

St Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225—1274) Italian philosopher, theologian, and Dominican friar

form and matter


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Acc. to Aristotle, there are four kinds of cause, viz.: ‘material’ (that of which a thing is made); ‘formal’ (what a thing is, i.e. the genus, species, etc., which distinguishes ...

Subjects: Christianity.

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