Was the name given facetiously to a parliamentary ginger group in the Conservative Party in 1880 (the other three being Liberals, Conservatives, and Irish). It consisted of Lord Randolph Churchill, J. E. Gorst, Sir H. D. Wolff, and, at some distance, Arthur Balfour. The contempt of the Fourth Party was as much directed at its own front bench as at Gladstone's administration. The main achievement of the group was to launch the spectacular career of Lord Randolph.
Subjects: British History.