Edward Fowler was born in Westerleigh, Gloucestershire and died in Chelsea. He was educated at the College School in Gloucester and at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, where he graduated BA in 1653. Fowler then attended Trinity College, Cambridge, where he secured the MA in 1665. In 1656 he obtained the rectory at Norhill, Bedfordshire. After the passage of the Act of Uniformity in 1662 Fowler abandoned his earlier Presbyterianism and conformed, thereby retaining his rectory. In 1673 Archbishop of Canterbury Sheldon took notice of Fowler's writings and brought him to the capital, where he became rector of All Hallows, Bread Street. Three years later he became a prebend in Gloucester Cathedral, and in 1677 he became vicar of St Giles, Cripplegate. After falling out of favour for his anti-Catholic polemical writing during the reign of James II, he was elevated to the bishopric of Gloucester by William and Mary in 1691, replacing the deprived nonjuror Robert Frampton. Fowler remained in that see for twenty-three years.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.