Archaeologist specializing in the prehistory and later occupation of southwestern England and New Zealand. After a childhood spent in London and Surrey, Mary Henderson (as she was then known) read English at Newnham College, Cambridge, where she developed an interest in archaeology and joined an excavation at Richborough in Kent. In 1933 she married the highly regarded archaeologist Cyril Fox, who was later knighted for his contribution to the discipline. In 1945 Lady Fox was invited to direct excavations in Exeter during the postwar reconstruction of the city. Many excavations followed, and she was appointed to a lectureship at the University College of the South West, later Exeter University. From here she undertook work on Dartmoor and at Roman military sites in Devon and Cornwall. Upon her retirement from Exeter in 1972 Fox surprised her colleagues by accepting a visiting lectureship at Auckland University, New Zealand, where she spent the next decade exploring the fortified settlements of the Maoris. After returning to Exeter in 1983 she was awarded a D.Litt. by the university there in 1985, and continued as an active campaigner on archaeological matters well into her 90s. Amongst her many publications are volume 41 in the Ancient People and Places series on South West England (1964, revised 1972, London: Thames & Hudson) and Prehistoric Maori fortifications in the North Island of New Zealand (1976, London: Longman Paul).
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology in Oxford Reference.