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The Italian monk Girolamo Castor, known as Fracastorius (1478–1553), worked out several ways infection can be transmitted. He described direct person-to-person transmission in the mock heroic poem Syphilis Sive Morbis Gallicus (1530), which gave us the name of syphilis, and in De Contagione (1546) described droplet spread and spread by fomites. Thus, he brought about a paradigm shift in the understanding of ways diseases could be caused, spread, and controlled.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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