n. breakage of a bone, either complete or incomplete. A simple fracture involves a clean break with little damage to surrounding tissues and no break in the overlying skin. If the overlying skin is perforated and there is a wound extending to the fracture site, the fracture is open, and there is a risk of infection (see osteomyelitis). Treatment of a simple fracture includes realignment of the bone ends where there is displacement, immobilization by external splints or internal fixation, followed by rehabilitation. See also Colles’ fracture, comminuted fracture, greenstick fracture, pathological fracture, scaphoid fracture, Smith’s fracture, stress fracture.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.