(b. 25 May 1856, d. 8 July 1942).
French marshal Born in Algeria, he was commissioned into the French army, serving in Indochina and in China. In 1914 he was commanding general of the French 5th Army, and in September halted the German advance in the first Battle of the Marne. After his failure to stop the German offensive of March 1918, he was sent to Salonika, from where he launched a campaign against Bulgaria. In the speediest advance of the war, he managed to reach the Hungarian capital of Budapest by the time war ended. He served in North Africa after the war, and on retirement entered politics. Despite his right‐wing inclinations he refused to join Marshal Pétain in the Vichy regime.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).