(b Lille, 10 April 1808; d Paris, 21 Jan. 1884). French cellist and composer. After occupying orchestral posts in Paris he turned to solo work and chamber music (the Alard Quartet) as well as becoming a significant teacher (developing the light, so-called ‘French’ bow technique). A friend of Mendelssohn and intimate of Chopin (who dedicated his cello sonata to him), Franchomme also composed several works for the cello.
From The Oxford Companion to Music in Oxford Reference.