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A three-masted schooner of 402 tons with auxiliary steam power, was the first vessel designed to winter in the polar pack ice, her hull being so shaped that no matter how strong the pressure of the ice she would lift free of it. The brainchild of the Norwegian polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen, the Fram was first employed on his famous drift across the Arctic Ocean in 1893–6. In 1898–1902 Otto Sverdrup used her to explore the islands north-west of Greenland. In 1910 she was taken by Roald Amundsen to the Antarctic where he and four companions successfully reached the South Pole.

Today the Fram is preserved as a national monument in a building specially constructed for her near Oslo.

See also ship preservation.

See also ship preservation.

Subjects: Maritime History.

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