Quick Reference

See also framing.

1. A physical structure within which a painting, drawing, or photograph is formally displayed: see also landscape format; portrait format.

2. A printed border around material on a page.

3. A single image belonging to a sequence of images: for example, a single frame of a film, video, or digital movie, or a single picture in a comic.

4. (film frame) A single image on a filmstrip.

5. (video frame) A single interlaced image of video consisting of two fields: see also interlace frame.

6. A synonym for a frame of reference.

7. For Goffman, a ‘definition of a situation’ within which we make sense of social events. See also Thomas theorem; compare social schemata.

8. Any format or criterial template which filters the reporting of current events in the mass media: see news frames.

9. On the web, a subdivision of the viewing window within which separate material may be displayed: for instance, a frame running down the left-hand side may contain a static menu of options. Each choice may load different textual and graphical material into the main frame on the page. Material within such frames can be independently scrolled: see scrolling.

10. In page layout software, a moveable element on the screen into which text or images may be inserted.

11. In discourse analysis, a transition marker between topics or sections of a discourse (such as ‘now’, or ‘OK’).

12. In artificial intelligence, a concept analogous to a schema.

13. In literary theory, a frame narrative is a story within which other stories are told (as in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales).

Subjects: Art.

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