(1815–84). Frere was born in Brecknockshire, educated at Haileybury School, and joined the East India Company service in 1834. He was appointed to the Bombay presidency where, apart from a spell on the viceroy's Council in Calcutta (1859–62), he spent his entire Indian career, finishing as governor (1862–7). He was known as an assiduous administrator and his most notable achievement was the development of the port of Karachi. In 1867–77 he served on the India Council in London but then was posted to South Africa as governor of Cape Colony. His governorship was turbulent and unsuccessful. He faced Sir Theophilus Shepstone's attempt to annex the Transvaal; deepening conflict with the Cape prime minister J. C. Moltene; and the outbreak of a disastrous war with the Zulus. In 1880, following the defeat of Lord Chelmsford by the Zulus at Isandhlwana, he was recalled.
From The Oxford Companion to British History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: British History.