Caspar Freisinger

(c. 1550—1555)

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(b Benedictine lands at Ochsenhausen, nr Biberach, c. 1550–55; d Ingolstadt, 1599). German draughtsman, painter, miniaturist and etcher. According to an allegorical Self-portrait drawing (Budapest, Mus. F.A.), he was in Ingolstadt by 1581. He acquired citizenship there and his master's certificate in 1583 and married soon after. His style suggests a sojourn in Italy, presumably before 1581, as proposed by Stange. Thöne's idea that he was trained in Munich by Christoph Schwarz cannot be justified on stylistic grounds. The question of Freisinger's artistic origins revolves around his approximately 70 drawings, often fully signed and dated; these are, however, except for the Self-portrait, all later than 1589. Benesch drew attention to the influence of Parmigianino (1503–40) and later of Jacopo Bassano (c. 1510–92), but the predominant influence seems central Italian—the Zuccaro brothers, Cesare Nebbia etc. Freisinger must also have been familiar with the art of Venice. From the mid-1590s there are occasional traces of Rudolfine influence. The emphasis on landscape, the emotional expression of the figures and the liking for narrative embellishment seen, for instance, in Christ Being Led forward (c. 1592; Stuttgart, Staatsgal.) are, on the other hand, traits typical of southern Germany and Bavaria. There is an unmistakable echo of the style of the Danube school—Altdorfer and Melchior Feselein.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.