Fremont Culture

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Localized Archaic Stage cultural grouping in the eastern Nevada, western Colorado, and southern Idaho area of the Great Basin of North America in the period ad 400–1300. Characterized by numerous small scattered communities whose subsistence base included maize cultivation. Agriculture, and also the production of pottery, was probably adopted from Anasazi communities to the south. Pit‐houses were built by Fremont communities throughout the period, although in later times some above‐ground masonry pueblo‐style houses were constructed too. Material culture included leather moccasins, pottery vessels with incised decoration, and clay figurines.

A number of regional variations of the Fremont Culture have been defined, sometimes subsumed under the term ‘Sevier’: Parowan Fremont (ad 900–1250) in southwest Utah; Sevier Fremont (ad 870–1250) in central west Utah and eastern Nevada; Great Salt Lake Fremont (ad 400–1350) around the Great Salt Lake and as far as the Rocky Mountains of Idaho; Unita Bay Fremont (ad 650–950) in northeastern Utah; and San Raphael Fremont (ad 700–1250) in eastern Utah and western Colorado.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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