Nicholas French

(1604—1678) Roman Catholic bishop of Ferns

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Giovanni Battista Rinuccini (1592—1653) archbishop of Fermo and papal diplomat



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(1604–78), Catholic bishop of Ferns and Confederate Catholic politician. An opponent of the first Ormond peace, French was dispatched to Rome as crisis mounted. In November 1648 he used the pope's non-committal answer on how peace might be achieved with heretics, and a cardinal's letter about Roman opinion being divided over Rinuccini's use of excommunication, to swing the Confederate Assembly towards the second Ormond peace. French subsequently persuaded the bishops to acquiesce, citing the compromise between Catholics and Protestants at Westphalia.


From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: European History.

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