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French Revolution


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'French Revolution' can also refer to...

The Abbe Gregoire and the French Revolution

The Abbé Grégoire and the French Revolution: The Making of Modern Universalism

The Abbé Grégoire and the French Revolution: The Making of Modern UniversalismL'Abbé Grégoire apologète de la République

The Abolition of Feudalism: Peasants, Lords, and Legislators in the French Revolution. By John Markoff. Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996. 689 pp. Cloth, $85.00; paper, $25.00

The Abolition of Feudalism: Peasants, Lords, and Legislators in the French Revolution. By John Markoff (University Park: Pennsylvania State University, 1996. xviii plus 689pp. $85.00/hardcover $25.00 paperback)

Adam Smith's Role in the French Revolution

age of the French Revolution

AGRARIAN IDEOLOGY AND COMMERCIAL REPUBLICANISM IN THE FRENCH REVOLUTION*

Alan Forrest. The Revolution in Provincial France: Aquitaine, 1789–1799. New York: Oxford University Press. 1996. Pp. vi, 377. $85.00

Albert Boime. Art and the French Commune: Imagining Paris after War and Revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1995. Pp. xiv, 234

All of His Power Lies in the Distaff: Robespierre, Women and the French Revolution

Alyssa Goldstein Sepinwall. The Abbé Grégoire and the French Revolution: The Making of Modern Universalism. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. 2005. Pp. xi, 341. $55.00.

Amalgamating the Social in the French Revolution

Amalia D. Kessler. Revolution in Commerce: The Parisian Merchant Court and the Rise of Commercial Society in Eighteenth-Century France. New Haven: Yale University Press. 2007. Pp. x, 391. $55.00

Arno J. Mayer. The Furies: Violence and Terror in the French and Russian Revolutions. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2000. Pp. xvii, 716. $35.00

Arthur Marwick. The Sixties: Cultural Revolution in Britain, France, Italy, and the United States, c. 1958–c. 1974. New York: Oxford University Press. 1998. Pp. xix, 903. $39.95

Aux Origines de la Révolution américaine: John Adams: La Passion de la distinction. (The origins of the American Revolution: John Adams: The passion for distinction). By Jean-Paul Goffinon. (Brussels: University of Brussels Press, 1996. 194 pp. FF 165, ISBN 2-80041138-4.) In French

Barry M. Shapiro. Traumatic Politics: The Deputies and the King in the Early French Revolution. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. 2009. Pp. x, 204. $65.00

Before the Deluge: Public Debt, Inequality, and the Intellectual Origins of the French Revolution

Before the Deluge: Public Debt, Inequality, and the Intellectual Origins of the French RevolutionSans-culottes: An Eighteenth-Century Emblem in the French Revolution

Blackmail, Scandal, and Revolution: London's French Libellistes, 1758–92

The Bourgeois Revolution in France, 1789–1815

The Bourgeois Revolution in France, 1789–1815

Britain in the Age of the French Revolution, 1785–1820

The British Periodical Press and the French Revolution, 1789–99

Bronislaw Baczko. Ending the Terror: The French Revolution after Robespierre. Translated by Michel Petheram. New York: Cambridge University Press or Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris. 1994. Pp. xii, 269. $59.95

Charles Walton. Policing Public Opinion in the French Revolution: The Culture of Calumny and the Problem of Free Speech. New York: Oxford University Press. 2009. Pp. xiii, 334. $49.95

Children of the Revolution: The French, 1799–1914

Choosing Terror: Virtue, Friendship, and Authenticity in the French Revolution

Christianity as Casualty and Chrysalis of Modernity: The Problem of Dechristianization in the French Revolution

 

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(1789)

The political upheaval that ended with the overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy in France and marked a watershed in European history. Various groups in French society opposed the ancien régime with its privileged Establishment and discredited monarchy. Its leaders were influenced by the American Revolution of the 1770s and had much popular support in the 1780s and 1790s. Social and economic unrest combined with urgent financial problems persuaded Louis XVI to summon the States-General in 1789, an act which helped to set the Revolution in motion. From the States-General emerged the National Assembly and a new Constitution which abolished the ancien régime, nationalized the church's lands, and divided the country into departments to be ruled by elected assemblies. Fear of royal retaliation led to popular unrest, the storming of the Bastille, and the capturing of the king by the National Guard. The National Assembly tried to create a monarchical system in which the king would share power with an elected assembly, but after the king's unsuccessful flight to Varennes and the mobilization of exiled royalists, the Revolutionaries faced increasing military threats from Austria and Prussia which led to war abroad and more radical policies at home. In 1792 the monarchy was abolished, a republic established, and the execution of the king was followed by a Reign of Terror (September 1793–July 1794). The Revolution failed to produce a stable form of republican government as several different factions (Girondins, Jacobins, Cordeliers, Robespierre) fought for power. After several different forms of administration had been tried, the last, the Directory, was overthrown by Napoleon in 1799.

Subjects: literature.


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