Philip Morin Freneau

(1752—1832) revolutionary poet and journalist in America

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the ‘poet of the American Revolution’, and miscellaneous writer, editor, and journalist, was born in New York. In 1780 during the Revolutionary War he was captured by the British, an experience which prompted the bitter satire of his poem The British Prison‐Ship (1781), one of his many attacks on the British. His first collection of verse, Poems (1786), was followed by various volumes of essays, poems, etc. His verse ranged from the satirical and patriotic to works such as ‘The Wild Honey Suckle’ (1786), a nature poem of delicacy and sensitivity which heralds Romanticism.

Subjects: Literature.

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