British painter, born in Germany. He was made a CH in 1983 and appointed to the OM in 1993.
A grandson of Sigmund Freud, Lucian Freud left Berlin in 1933 and became a British subject in 1939. After studying at the Central School of Art in London and at Goldsmith's College, he joined the merchant navy during World War II but was invalided out in 1942. His first one-man show was in 1944. Freud paints figure subjects in a meticulously detailed style based on firm draughtsmanship. Girl with a White Dog (1951) is a characteristic example in the Tate Gallery, London. His sharply focused almost obsessive hyperrealism produces effects that can be merciless or whimsical but are nearly always intense. During the 1960s he began to use dramatic lighting and brushwork that was more overt and expressive of form, as in Naked Portrait (1973, Tate Gallery). Major retrospectives of his work were held in London in 1974 and 1988.