Formerly a fortified town in the northern Black Forest, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, and now a health resort, Freudenstadt is laid out with strict regularity according to Renaissance ideals. It owes its origin both to the silver and copper mines in nearby Christophstal and to its position on an important trade route, the Kniebisstrasse. Strategic factors also played a part in the foundation of the town by Duke Frederick I of Württemberg (reg 1593–1608): it was designed to protect the route to his possessions on the Upper Rhine and provide a fortress against the hostile bishopric of Strasbourg.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.