A genus of plants, nearly all of which are bole-climbers. The leaves are strap-like, with spiny margins. The plants are dioecious. The inflorescences often have showy bracts, purportedly bird- or bat-pollinated. The fruits are fleshy berries, in spherical or cylindrical heads. There are about 175 species, occurring in warm temperate and tropical forests, from Sri Lanka eastward to the Pacific islands.
Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry.