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A game or sport in which a plastic disc is thrown from one person to another, initially in non-competitive and recreational forms, but also in organized forms in teams under the name of ultimate frisbee. From the later 1930s to the early 1960s various forms of frisbee were developed before its successful patented modern form in 1964. The name derives from the Frisbee Baking Company of Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA, whose tin pie-plates were whizzed through the air by college students. Its popularity in the 1950s and 1960s was also linked to burgeoning interest in unidentified flying objects (UFOs), and the vigorous marketing of the object as a universally accessible toy as well as a sophisticated piece of sporting technology. Ultimate frisbee, as a non-contact sport, has been championed by players seeing it as a way of setting themselves apart from the dominant sporting culture of heterosexual, white males, and as evoking in its manifesto ‘The Spirit of the Game’ a sense of the potential restoration of untainted, even spontaneous, play into the realm of sport culture.

Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

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