A terrorist organization founded in 1963 with the aim of realizing independence for the Canadian province of Quebec. It caused over 200 bombings (1963–70), but split into two groups in 1969, consisting of twelve members each. In 1970, it abducted the British Trade Commissioner James Cross and the Quebec Liberal minister Pierre Laporte, murdering the latter after seven days. Trudeau responded by invoking the War Measures Act, whereupon almost 500 people were arrested, including 150 suspected of links with the FLQ. Some of the movement's leaders fled to Cuba and then to France, but all were eventually brought to trial. The FLQ ceased to operate in 1971.
Subjects: History of the Americas — Contemporary History (Post 1945).