At the edge of a town or built-up area, a zone of varied land use: Victorian hospitals and cemeteries, located beyond the city for reasons of public health; recreation facilities, such as playing fields, riding stables, and golf courses; and utilities, such as water and sewage works. Many of the functions of the fringe belt have been squeezed out from the town centre due to congestion, high land prices, the need for a special site, or disturbances in the central area. Sometimes further urban expansion leapfrogs the fringe belt. Whitehand and Gu (2006) PHG30, 3 argue that, in relation to the fringe-belt concept, the need for intra-urban centrality is culturally conditioned.
Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.