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(French: ‘rubbing’).

A technique of creating an image by placing a piece of paper over some rough surface such as grained wood or sacking and rubbing the paper with a crayon or pencil until it acquires an impression of the surface quality of the substance beneath. The resulting image is usually taken as a stimulus to the imagination, forming the point of departure for a picture expressing unconscious imagery. The technique was invented in 1925 by Max Ernst; many other Surrealists adopted it.

Subjects: Art.

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