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Cooperative community led by Alcott (June 1844–Jan. 1845) at Harvard, Mass. In his original plan for a “Concordium,” Alcott proposed an institution in the country, where members would labor on the land and live a vegetarian life, basing their unity on religious love, with education and mutual labor leading to “the harmonic development of their physical, intellectual, and moral natures.” The experiment died mainly because of the conflict between Alcott's love of family life and his admiration for the ideas of the English “Alcott House” of Charles Lane, who desired to submerge the individual in a communistic society. Louisa Alcott's Transcendental Wild Oats is a fictional account of Fruitlands.

Subjects: Literature.

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