John sFullarton was probably born in 1780, and died in London 24 October 1849. His mother was the daughter of Alexander Dunlop, professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow, and he himself married a Miss Finney of Calcutta, who died at Memphis (Egypt) in 1837. Provided with a wide and refined education, Fullarton took great interest throughout his life in art and literature, and travelled extensively through India, China, Egypt and Europe. From 1802 to 1813 he was an assistant surgeon in India; during this period he also became the editor of a Calcutta newspaper. Subsequently he made a fortune in banking, having entered the house of Alexander & Co., bankers of Calcutta, as a partner. In his early forties Fullarton went back to live in England. Here, he contributed several articles on political topics to the Quarterly Review, while travelling around the country and the continent in a coach specially fitted with a library and other luxuries. In 1833, as a fellow of the Royal Asian Society, he went again to India and in 1834 was entrusted with a mission to China. In 1838 his fortune was severely curtailed by the failure of his bankers: he moved from Lord Essex's house, in Mayfair, which he had purchased in 1823, to 12 Hyde Park Street, at which address he resided for the rest of his life.
From The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists in Oxford Reference.