Sculptor and printmaker. Remembered especially for constructions made of string, she was born in Pittsburgh. After graduating from the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie-Mellon University) there in 1936, she earned an MA from Columbia University three years later. She also studied with Hans Hofmann and briefly with Josef Albers. Between 1943 and 1945 she worked as a studio assistant to Stanley William Hayter at Atelier 17. Incorporating both abstract and representational elements, her soft-ground etchings make inventive use of varied materials. For a popular prize-winner, Hen (1945), she formed her whimsical chicken by impressing a lace collar into the etching ground before adding engraved details. For the nonrepresentational Sailor's Dream (1944), fabric, ribbon, and string produce a vigorous composition of lines and textured shapes. During the 1950s she gradually gave up printmaking to concentrate entirely on the weblike string creations she had been making for some time under the influence of constructivism. She also studied glassmaking in England and Italy and calligraphy in Japan, as well as lacemaking. In 1969 she patented her method of embedding string in plastic, giving permanence to her complex sculptural inventions. She eventually settled permanently in Southampton, near the eastern end of Long Island.