A genus of mosses in which the leaves are often crowded towards the tops of short stems. The leaves are tongue-shaped to ovate. The capsule is pyriform. It is a cosmopolitan genus of about 250 species. F. hygrometrica is commonly taken as a ‘typical moss’ in elementary bryology studies. The shoots are yellowish-green to green and often occur in extensive green carpets. The capsules are often numerous and are initially green and pear-shaped, becoming yellowish to orange-brown when ripe; they are borne on long, usually curved setae. The species is found on bare soil (in fields, on heaths and moors, in woodland, etc.), particularly on sites of previous fires.
Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry.