functional model of attribution

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A model used by sport psychologists to study attributions. It assumes that the main function of an individual's attributions of the causes for a particular performance is to maintain self-esteem. Thus, athletes tend to attribute positive outcomes to personal controls (e.g. ability) and negative outcomes to external controls, such as luck. The model assumes that athletes adopt a self-serving attributional bias.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

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