Old Cairo, first capital of the conquering Arab armies of Egypt. Built in 643 on the eastern side of the Nile River. Contains the oldest mosque in Egypt, Jami Amr. Evolved into a commercial, economic, and cultural center. Successive famines, epidemics, and revolts caused its deterioration. Attempts to revive the city proved unsuccessful, especially as new capitals were built. Currently one of the populous residential areas of metropolitan Cairo.
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Islam.