(b Hirtenfeld, nr. Graz, 1660; d Vienna, 1741).
Austrian composer, organist, and theorist. Org., in Vienna 1696, court composer 1698–1705, choirmaster St Stephen's Cath. 1705, vice‐Kapellmeister 1713, Kapellmeister and imperial choirmaster 1715. Opera Constanza e Fortezza perf. Prague 1723 during coronation festivities. His Gradus ad Parnassum (Vienna 1725) formulated rules for counterpoint. Wrote over 400 works, incl. 20 operas, 14 oratorios, c.80 masses, instr. partitas, etc.