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A group comprising France, the United States, Britain, Germany, Japan, Italy, Canada, and Russia. The G7/8 Summit deals with macroeconomic management, international trade, and relations with developing countries. Questions of East–West economic relations, energy, and terrorism have also been of recurrent concern. Recently, the summit agenda has broadened considerably to include microeconomic issues such as employment and the information highway, transnational issues such as the environment, crime, and drugs, and a host of political-security issues ranging from human rights through regional security to arms control. A mechanism for an international exchange of views between the major energy consuming nations was agreed at the G8 Gleneagles Summit in July 2005 (Hammond (2006) Nat. Resources Forum 30). ‘Britain's first world status is dependent on relationships with the third world underpinning its membership of power groups like the G8’ (Noxolo (2006) Sing. J. Trop. Geog. 27, 3). See the University of Toronto's G8 information centre; see also D. Della Porta et al. (2006) on the G8 protests in Genoa, 2001.

Subjects: Politics — Earth Sciences and Geography.

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