US film actor known for thirty years as the ‘King of Hollywood’.
Born in Cadiz, Ohio, Gable worked as a lumberjack and salesman, while trying to break into acting. At first he managed only small parts in films and the theatre, for which he was coached by actress Josephine Dillon, who became his first wife (1924–30). His first Broadway lead was in Machinal (1928); after the film The Painted Desert (1931) came the lead in Susan Lennox (1931), followed by such memorable films as Red Dust (1932), remade as Mogambo (1953), and the Oscar-winning It Happened One Night (1934). Also notable among the seventy films he made were Mutiny on the Bounty (1935), San Francisco (1936), and his most famous, Gone With the Wind (1939), in which he played opposite Vivien Leigh.
Married five times, he was struck by tragedy when his third wife, Carole Lombard (1908–42), was killed in an aeroplane crash in 1942. During World War II Gable served in the USAF and was decorated twice. His postwar films included Soldier of Fortune (1955) and his last, The Misfits (1961), in which he played opposite Marilyn Monroe.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).