(b Velikiye Gulyaki, Ukraine, 7 Dec. 1905; d Moscow, 12 Jul. 1965)
Russian dancer and teacher. He studied at the Bolshoi Ballet School (Moscow Theatre School), a pupil of Alexander Gorsky and Vasily Tikhomirov, and graduated into the company in 1924 where he continued as a soloist until his retirement in 1952. One of the most acclaimed of the Bolshoi's leading dancers, he excelled in both the traditional repertoire and in modern works such as Fountain of Bakhchisarai and The Bronze Horseman. His partnership with Ulanova was much admired. He created roles in several ballets, including Antoine in Vainonen's Moscow staging of The Flames of Paris (1934), Vladimir in Zakharov's The Prisoner of the Caucasus (1938), Andrei in Zakharov's Taras Bulba (1941), the Prince in Zakharov's Cinderella (1945), and Romeo in Lavrovsky's 1946 Moscow version of Romeo and Juliet. He was director of the Bolshoi Ballet School (1954–8), and continued to teach there until his death. Father of the Bolshoi dancer Mikhail Mikhailovich Gabovich. Also a writer about dance, including ballet theory and criticism. Author of The Ballet School of the Bolshoi Theatre (Moscow, 1957).