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In Greek mythology, the Earth personified as a goddess, daughter of Chaos. She was the mother and wife of Uranus (Heaven); their offspring included the Titans and the Cyclops.

Gaia hypothesis the theory, put forward by the English scientist James Lovelock (1919– ) in 1969, that living matter on the earth collectively defines and regulates the material conditions necessary for the continuance of life.

Subjects: Religion.

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