(c. 110—180)

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The famous 2nd‐cent. ad law teacher, was lecturing in 160/1 and still alive in 178. Though a Roman citizen, he was known, and apparently chose to be known, by the single undistinctive name ‘Gaius’. He is best known for his Institutes (‘Teaching Course’), elementary lectures for students delivered in 160–161. A 5th‐cent. manuscript of these lectures is probably genuine. It is marked by clarity of style, attention to history, concern for classification, and a critical attitude to legal rules, e.g. the lifelong tutelage of women. It employs a ‘Socratic’ method of teaching (see socrates) which often leaves unanswered the problem raised.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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