A development of the carrack following the successful experiments of Sir John Hawkins at the end of the 16th century. This new design, which made a ship much more weatherly and manoeuvrable, reached Spain about seventeen years after its introduction in England. Its arrival resulted in the development of the galleon. It was originally a warship but during the next 30 to 40 years it also began to take the place of the carrack as the principal type of merchantman. Most 17th-century treasure ships were galleons. Although the design was essentially English, the actual name was never adopted in England or among the north European nations.
Subjects: Maritime History.