(b Courtrai [Kortrijk], 12 Oct. 1814; d Nice, 12 Apr. 1902).
Belgian-born picture dealer and print publisher who settled in London in 1840 and became a dominant figure in these fields. In the three decades between his arrival in England and his retirement to the Continent in 1871, ‘Gambart, more than any other individual, transformed the London art world. He founded a system for the promotion and sale of pictures on an international scale; contributed increasingly to the status of the artist in society; and brought the London, if not the European, art trade from infancy to maturity…[He] became a print publisher of international repute, who exploited the possibilities of the print so as to raise it to the level of pure popular art’ (Jeremy Maas, Gambart: Prince of the Victorian Art World, 1975).