Unfinished opera by Shostakovich, planned as Op.63, to his own lib. based on comedy The Gamblers by Nikolai Gogol (1832) for six male solo vv. and large orch. Begun 1941, abandoned 1942 when not quite 8 of 25 scenes were completed. F.p. (concert) Leningrad 1978, cond. Rozhdestvensky. Completed by Krzysztof Meyer, 1981. Scherzo of va. sonata (1975) uses mus. from The Gamblers.