From the later 14th cent. the right to hunt game, and particularly the edible game of deer, pheasants, rabbits, and partridges, was legally restricted to persons with an income of £40 a year or more. The legal position was strengthened in 1671 in an effort to prevent anyone from hunting hares, partridges, and moor fowl, unless they had freeholds of at least £100 a year. Not surprisingly the laws produced considerable friction in the countryside. Efforts to repeal them began in the 1770s, but came to a successful conclusion only in 1831. However, poaching remained an offence, and as a result an undeclared state of war persisted in the countryside through the 19th cent.