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Games of the New Emerging Forces, a short-lived alternative to the Olympic Games, led by Indonesia in 1962, and at the 1963 first Games attracting 51 nations, mostly newly independent and/or socialist states. Taiwan and Israel had been refused entry to the fourth Asian Games in Jakarta, Indonesia, and the GANEFO was a politically explicit response. Athletes attending the event were banned by the International Olympic Committee from competing at the Olympics, and Indonesia itself was also suspended. A second event—called the First Asian GANEFO—was staged in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, in 1966, but the GANEFO did not sustain any long-term political momentum.

Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

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