(1861–1923), one of the first women medical doctors in India. Born in 1861 Ganguly (née Basu), a Bengali, passed the Entrance Arts examination in 1878—she was the first woman to do so—and enrolled in Bethune College in Calcutta (now Kolkata) with a government scholarship. In 1883 she graduated from Bethune along with another female student; they were among the very first women to earn bachelor's degrees under British colonial rule. Later that year she became the first woman to enroll at Calcutta Medical College. The following year the government began offering scholarships to female medical students. Kadambini was awarded a scholarship of twenty rupees a month, with back payment from the date she started.
From The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History in Oxford Reference.