William Gardiner was born in Leicester on 15 March 1770 and died there on 16 November 1853. The son of a stocking manufacturer, he carried on the family business throughout his working life. Music was only his avocation, but he contributed significantly to the development of musical appreciation in Britain through his championing of the music of Haydn and Beethoven in the various volumes of his Sacred Melodies (1812–15), in which extracts from their works were adapted for use with English words. Gardiner's aim in these compilations was to improve the standard of English church music.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.