Giovanni Gargiolli

(c. 1540—1608)

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(b Fivizzano, Tuscany, c.1540; d Livorno, 1608). Italian architect, active in Bohemia and Austria. In 1585 he entered the service of Rudolf II in Prague. He designed a domed cylindrical grotto (1586–94) lined with rusticated masonry in the Royal Enclosure at Bubeneč. The banded columns on the façade recall the Porta Nuova (1533–40) by Michele Sanmicheli (c. 1487–1559) in Verona. The complex included a pool and an arcaded gallery treated as a sala terrena. He laid out an Italian garden (1588–93) at the Royal Castle at Brandýs nad Labem. Built on four low terraces, it features a secret garden, a summer-house, fountains and a stone terrace with four flights of steps. At Hradčany Castle, Prague, he planned Rudolf's quarters in the south wing, and the Spanish Stables surmounted by a picture gallery (both executed by Ulrico Aostalli). Gargiolli was probably responsible for an extension to the royal garden in Prague, and for the first brick orangery in Europe (1590). In the same year he built the three-wing hunting castle at Lány, near Prague. Also attributed to him is the St Stanislas Chapel in the south transept of Olomouc Cathedral, which features an Italian Mannerist trompe l'oeil on the façade. In 1589 he was appointed Hofbaumeister in Vienna and was ennobled in 1593. He settled in Vienna from 1594 to 1598 and then returned to Italy. He is known to have worked on the fortifications of Livorno in 1601.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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