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A garibaldi is a type of British biscuit with a layer of currants inside. Little seen nowadays, it was popular in the first half of the twentieth century, and seems to have started life in the 1880s or 1890s. It was named after Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807–82), the Italian nationalist leader. Its colloquial nickname, squashed-fly biscuit (coined from the appearance of the currants), dates from at least the first decade of the twentieth century; it is mentioned by H. G. Wells in Tono-Bungay (1909): ‘instead of offering me a Garibaldi biscuit, she asked me with that faint lisp of hers, to “have some squashed flies, George”.’

Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Medicine and Health.

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