A Scot who made an important contribution to the study of English folk-song by his enthusiastic collecting activities in the early 20th century. From 1904 to 1909, he spent a great deal of time in the field, particularly in Hampshire (at the suggestion of Lucy Broadwood) but also in Cornwall, Somerset, and Wiltshire. Gardiner concentrated on the texts and enlisted the help of trained musicians, such as H. Balfour Gardiner (no relation), H. E. D. Hammond, Charles Gamblin, and C. F. Guyer. His manuscripts, containing 1,460 songs (1,165 with tunes) are lodged in the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library. A selection of his songs appeared in the JFSS 3 (1909), 249–304, in his Folk Songs from Hampshire (1909); and in James Reeves, The Everlasting Circle (1960).
Frank Purslow, FMJ 1:3 (1967), 129–57;Stephen Lloyd, H. Balfour Gardiner (1984), 34–52.