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John Eliot Gardiner

(b. 1943)


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(b Fontmell Magna, Dorset, 1943).

Eng. conductor, great‐nephew of Balfour Gardiner. Founded Monteverdi Choir 1964, Monteverdi Orch. 1968, English Baroque Soloists (period instr.) 1978, and Orchestre révolutionnaire et romantique 1990. Prof. début 1966. Has made new edns. of Monteverdi's Vespers (1967), and Rameau's Dardanus, Les Fêtes d'Hébé, and Les Boréades. Cond. f. staged p. of Les Boréades, Aix 1982 and f. modern revival of Berlioz's Mass, Paris 1993. SW début 1969; CG 1973. Youngest cond. to appear at Henry Wood Proms. (1968). Prin. cond. CBC Vancouver Orch. 1980–3, art. dir. Göttingen Handel Fest. 1981–90, mus. dir. Lyons Opera 1982–8. Salzburg début 1990. Prin. cond. N Ger. Radio Orch., Hamburg, 1991–4. At Lyons cond. operas by Charpentier, Handel, and Leclair, revived Chabrier's L'Étoile and cond. Pelléas et Mélisande in a score which was scrupulously close to Debussy's autograph. CBE 1990. Knighted 1998.

Subjects: Music.


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